Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's or is a diwan / divan, or collection of lyrical poems inspired by the Persian poet Hafez (c. 1320-90 CE). The collection was written between 1814 and 1819, and published the year Goethe finished writing the first edition.
Consisting of twelve 'namehs' (Persian for letters or books), the Divan was part of Goethe's late work and the last great cycle of poetry he worked on. The twelve namehs consist of parables, historical allusions, pieces of invective, politically or religiously inclined poetry. Through his work, Goethe sought to bring together the East and West - the Orient and Occident - by stimulating an exchange of ideas expressed through poetry.
In the spring of 1814, Goethe received two volumes of a translation of Hafez's by the Austrian Orientalist Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (1774-1856) and writen in German. Goethe developed an immediate interest and was inspired to start writing his own . The inspiration Hafez provided Goethe was so strong, that in some of his poems Goethe called him the meister or master. Goethe's acknowledgement of the inspiration provided by Hafez in turn helped to increase the interest in the translated works of Hafez, and as a consequence, the poetry of Hafez was read extensively in the west.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (August 28, 1749 – March 22, 1832 CE) was a German writer and poet with a keen interest in literature, theology, philosophy, humanism and science. He is particularly known for , a tragic play considered by many to be one of the greatest works of German literature. He is less well known for his work, the , a collection of poems inspired by the Persian poet Hafez, or his interest in Persia and Zoroastrianism.
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Leaving behind volumes of poetry, essays, criticisms, dramas, novels, linguistics and scientific works, Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe passed away on March 22, 1832 in Weimar.
Born in Frankfurt, Germany, on August 28, 1749, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was tutored extensively in languages as a child. Goethe's father, a lawyer, prioritized his son's education, enabling him to engage in many literary and cultural pursuits. Goethe was fascinated by writers such as Homer and Ovid, and committed whole passages of these texts to heart.